What does a healthy lifestyle involve? Components and statistics from the Ministry of Health

What does a healthy lifestyle involve? Components and statistics from the Ministry of Health

What does a healthy lifestyle involve? Components and statistics from the Ministry of Health
What does a healthy lifestyle involve? Components and statistics from the Ministry of Health

According to the Ministry of Health of Bulgaria, the key task of a healthy lifestyle is to prevent the development of non-communicable diseases.

According to statistics, up to 70% of deaths in Bulgaria are related to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases.

The Ministry of Health calls the risk factors of poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, bad habits and environmental pollution - noting that reducing the impact of these factors has an extremely positive effect on increasing the years of active life.

//  HLS - what is it?

HLS - what is it

A healthy lifestyle is an abbreviation of the phrase "healthy lifestyle". Note that this concept is missing in English, French, Spanish and other European languages ​​(in fact, it has no literal translation). It often comes down to fitness, focusing on sports and nutrition.

Mortality from non-communicable diseases worldwide is quite an impressive percentage, one of the national projects involves the promotion of a healthy lifestyle.

Today, the risk of heart attack in men is 55% (ie you will face it every second) - and 38% in women. 20% of the adult population (one in five) has  symptoms of prediabetes  .

Proper nutrition

Nutrition is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. At the same time, according to statistics, about 50% of Bulgarians consume excessive amounts of salt, 45% do not cover the daily intake of vegetables and fruits, and 37% suffer from a shortage of seafood. Against this background, sugar consumption exceeds the norm 2-3 times.

The consequences of such a diet are an increase in cholesterol (58% of Bulgarians suffer from it), hypertension (40% of men and 33% of women) and obesity (27% of women and 18% of men).

Separately, it is noted that the prevalence of obesity among adolescents has quadrupled over the decade - for boys this figure has reached 6%.

Where to start?

Lack of daily physical activity is a key factor in the deterioration of the body in general and the cardiovascular system in particular. About 40% of Bulgarians lead a sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension is the second leading cause of death for both men and women.

Regular exercise not only improves the sensitivity of body tissues to  insulin  (reduces the risk of diabetes) and normalizes blood pressure - but also helps to lose weight and prevents the deterioration of the  metabolic syndrome  .

Bad habits

Although tobacco use in Bulgaria continues to decrease (in the period from 2009 to 2016 the number of smokers among men decreased from 61% to 51%, among women - from 22% to 14%), the national program for healthy life goals with additional smoking cessation.

Alcohol consumption has also decreased - from 16.2 liters of ethanol per person per year in 2008 to 10.3 liters in 2016. At the same time, 60% of ethanol consumption is alcohol, which is one of the highest in the world .

Healthy lifestyle and diet

The Ministry of Health acknowledges that currently the diet of most citizens does not meet the criteria for a healthy diet. It is recommended to limit the sale of foods with excess calories, saturated fats, trans fats and added sugars - including adding a special label to the package.

It is separately mentioned that fruit and berry drinks with added sugar are misleading for customers and are not healthy foods and do not cover the daily need for fruit.

What to give up?

Joining the recommendations of the WHO, the Ministry of Health recommends to completely abandon processed meat products (sausages, sausages, canned meat, etc.) - their use is associated with the development of colorectal cancer. Consumption of red meat should be limited to 2-3 times a week.

Also, followers of a healthy lifestyle are encouraged to start controlling sugar intake - but not only in "pure" form, but also as an ingredient in food. The average Bulgarian consumes up to 110 grams of sugar per day (in the form of juices, pastries and cakes) - which is almost 3 times higher than normal.

Product labeling

One of the proposals of the Ministry of Health is to change the information on the nutritional value of the products presented on the packaging.

In addition to the calorie content per 100 g and the amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates, it is recommended to mention the content of trans fats, added sugar and salt.


In short, the key components of a healthy lifestyle are proper nutrition, giving up bad habits and daily physical activity. At the same time, the Ministry of Health of Bulgaria calls the main task of a healthy lifestyle the prevention of non-communicable diseases (hypertension, diabetes, etc.).

Source: Healthy lifestyle - Ministry of Health