Solarium - benefits and harms, contraindications and possible harm

Solarium - benefits and harms, contraindications and possible harm

Solarium - benefits and harms, contraindications and possible harm
Solarium - benefits and harms, contraindications and possible harm

Solarium: benefits and harms

The main positive effect of a tanning bed is the fight against winter depression, which is associated with the lack of natural sunlight. According to experts, about 30-40% of Russia's population is subject to such depression.

Natural sunlight is dominated by UV-B rays, which mainly affect the upper layers of the skin, while solarium lamps emit long rays of type A, affecting the deeper layers of the skin. Unlike ordinary sunlight, the radiation of solarium lamps dehydrates and dries the skin more, as well as leads to the formation of free radicals, which accelerate the aging process and can even cause various tumors.

The quartz lamp contains mercury, which under the action of an electric discharge evaporates inside the bulb, causing light on a special coating. The spectrum of this radiance contains the range of both visible and UV rays - so sunscreen should also be used in tanning beds. How to properly apply the cream on the face and which SPF is  recommended to use?

What is the difference between a natural tan and a tanning bed?

Under the influence of ultraviolet (UV) rays, the pigment melanin (not to be confused with melatonin) is produced in the upper surface of the skin, giving it a tan. The natural source of UV rays is sunlight, the artificial source is quartz lamps.

Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, oxygen consumption from tissues increases and  vitamin D is synthesized, which strengthens bones and muscles. The tanning bed also dries and disinfects the skin, leading to shrinking pores and reducing acne.

How to sunbathe in a solarium?

The eyes must be closed during the solarium, otherwise you can easily get a retinal burn, which leads to blindness. It is safest to use special glasses, as the eyelids transmit a certain percentage of UV rays.

Also, remember that vitamin D is only formed when there is an oily film on the skin. Therefore, sunbathing after a shower or swimming pool when this film is not available is not recommended - you increase skin dehydration and have no benefit from tanning.

Solarium - contraindications and dangers

Sunburn and the production of melanin are a protective reaction to radiation and the body expends certain immune resources for the manifestation of sunburn. If you have a cold or ARVI, then a tanning bed is not the best way to overcome them and there are other methods to do so.

In addition, it is also very important to sunbathe in moderation, to follow the recommendations of the equipment manufacturer, and also to make sure that there are new lamps in the solarium - with increasing working hours, the radiation becomes more dangerous.


The solarium in the northern countries, to which Russia belongs, is an essential element in combating the winter depression. But during tanning sessions you can strictly follow safety measures: wear glasses and use a moisturizer.