Gluten and lactose free. Who needs such a diet?

Gluten and lactose free. Who needs such a diet?

Gluten and lactose free. Who needs such a diet?
Gluten and lactose free. Who needs such a diet?

Even about 5-7 years ago we did not think that a gluten-free and lactose diet would become a staple. Today, everyone drinks coffee only with vegetable milk and does not eat white bread, not because it contains very fast carbohydrates, but because of the presence of gluten there. Let's find out what it is and who really doesn't need it.


Vegans are happy: there is so much vegetable milk around that they just take the flour of their choice. There is rice, oatmeal, buckwheat, nuts and even a banana. However, all these drinks are popular not only among raw foodists and those who have refused food of animal origin for ethical reasons. Lactose is what the inhabitants of our planet are fleeing from.

Lactose intolerance (milk sugar) is really not very pleasant. Abdominal bloating, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, cramps are the symptoms of the disease. However, it is extremely difficult to diagnose and it is easy to buy plant milk, albeit just in case.

Moreover, problems with the absorption of lactose are more common in adults (according to statistics, every fifth Russian citizen), they lack a special enzyme for processing milk sugar. If they are produced in sufficient quantities in children, then with age the genes that encode them are turned off and the production of the enzyme decreases or stops completely. By the way, 90% of the population in China suffers from lactose intolerance.

Once in our body, lactose is broken down into glucose and galactose. It is with the second derivative that we lose the ability to cope. As a result, galactose is deposited in the tissues and can lead to cellulite, arthritis or even cataracts.

The second dangerous point is casein milk protein. The enzymes for its breakdown also decrease with age. It causes increased acidity in the stomach, which absorbs calcium to go out. It turns out that the milk is wasted.

It is believed that the rules of the game are dictated by nature itself. It so happened that milk is the drink of babies. You do not need to drink it at a more conscious age. In addition, lactose or casein intolerance is easy to ignore. It can manifest itself in the form of isolated and quite mild symptoms. But what the damage will be in the future is unknown. If intolerance to dairy products is laboratory confirmed, then you should consider switching to vegetable milk. Or a goat and a sheep. They are absorbed much better than the cow.


Gluten used to be called gluten, but from a marketing point of view it's not very euphonic. In fact, it is wheat starch. It is true that it is contained not only in bread and bakery products made from first-class flour. Wheat starch is added to sausages and sausages, yogurts, sauces, ice cream, chips, cheese, chocolate and other foods that need to be made thicker.

Unlike lactose intolerance, celiac disease or flour disease are not so common in our country. This is a very severe form of gluten intolerance. If diagnosed, all gluten-containing foods are excluded from the diet forever. Symptoms of celiac disease include severe pain and bloating, weight loss, weakness and diarrhea.

The disease is congenital and is characterized by high permeability of the intestinal wall, as well as an atypical immune response to gluten. As a rule, it manifests itself in early childhood, when additional feeding with cereals begins. In any case, it should be diagnosed as early as possible. Celiac disease can have serious consequences: atrophy of the intestinal mucosa, delayed physical and mental development, type 1 diabetes, osteoporosis, iron deficiency anemia or dystrophy.

Detect "flour disease" with the help of a biopsy, examine the height of the intestinal hairs and other indicators. You can also donate blood or a food intolerance test. It makes sense to exclude gluten from the diet only if the disease is confirmed. Otherwise it is simply useless. And for some it can even be dangerous. After all, in addition to gluten, cereals also contain healthy fiber. It promotes the health of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, products labeled "gluten-free" are much more expensive. There is no point in paying a lot just because it is modern.